2017 Cereal School topics include low falling numbers, variety trial results, updates on pests and diseases

Kootenai Valley
Each year, the Idaho Grain Producers Association, the Idaho Barley Commission, and the University of Idaho sponsor “cereal schools” across Idaho.  These educational workshops provide an opportunity for producers to learn about issues in their region, including insect issues, disease updates, variety trials, weed control, economics, markets, and other important issues. This year’s school in Bonners Ferry included a presentation on low falling numbers, the worldwide supply and demand situation and other factors affecting current low grain prices, and a presentation by a nutritionist on maximizing nutrient intake from grains as well as common wheat misconceptions. A selection of presentations from this year’s event, held Wednesday, Jan. 25 at the Boundary County Fairgrounds, are available at the links below. Additional references from these presentations are also included linked below.

Kelly Olson, from the Idaho Barley Commission, provides an update on current issues and markets.

Results from the Boundary County Variety Trials are presented, as well as a discussion of low falling numbers (LFN). What is LFN, and how is it calculated? Which varieties were most severely affected?

This presentation covers pesticides for canola, including a discussion of current chemical control options for weeds, diseases, and insects, and discusses threshold levels for spraying. Part 1  Part 2

Current worldwide and U.S. market conditions are discussed in this presentation. In addition, costs and returns estimates for 2016 are compared to a 2011-2015 baseline.

Idaho Barley Commission’s website includes links to the current grain market report as well as upcoming programs throughout the state.

Information from UI Extension on North Idaho cereals, including variety trials and stripe rust, is available here.

Information on the UI Brassica Breeding Program can be found here.

Farm Enterprise Budgets for the 2011-2015 Baseline as well as 2016 Direct Seed Budgets are available here.



Am I Making Any Money With This Crop?


Here is the  lecture on this topic.

Here are some resources for calculating returns for dryland grain production in the Pacific Northwest:

Current Crop Budgets for Dryland Grain Production in the Pacific Northwest

High Rainfall Zone, >18” precipitation per year

Intermediate Rainfall Zone, approx. 15” – 18” precipitation per year:

Low Rainfall Zone, <15” precipitation per year:


Enterprise Budgeting tools: This poster explains how to use the budgets that are listed above.

Interview Forms

These forms (in Excel) help when you are interviewing growers with the purpose of creating an enterprise budget, or if you are trying to track information during the year for developing your own enterprise budget. You will have all the information you need for developing an enterprise budget if you have your completed schedule of operations plus all the data in the machinery complement. The Schedule of Operations is a list of all the operations for growing a particular crop or for a livestock operation for that year or growing season. The Machinery Complement is a list of machinery costs that you will use when you calculate machinery costs using the UI Machinery Cost program or another software. You will need to sum machinery costs over all machinery activies for that enterprise in order to create a line item in the budget for fuel, machinery labor, machinery depreciation, etc.

Schedule of Operations

Machinery Complement


Painter, K. 2011. Costs of Owning and Operating Farm Machinery in the Pacific Northwest: 2011. PNW 346. University of Idaho, 106 pp. http://www.cals.uidaho.edu/edComm/pdf/PNW/PNW0346/PNW346.pdf

Patterson, P., K. Painter, N. Ruhoff, B. Eborn. 2016. Idaho Crop Input Price Summary for 2015. AEES No. 2016-04, Dept. of Ag. Econ. and Rural Sociology, Univ. of ID. http://www.uidaho.edu/~/media/UIdaho-Responsive/Files/cals/Programs/ID-Agbiz/crop-budgets/crop-input-price-summary/Crop-Input-Price-Summary-2015.ashx

Website resources:

Crop Budgets and Input Price Summaries by Year:


Machinery Cost Calculators:

University of Idaho Crop Machinery Cost Calculator – current version 1.40 (EXE file) and other tools can be found at http://www.uidaho.edu/cals/idaho-agbiz/tools

Kansas State Machinery Cost Resources: Machinery cost calculators and many more decision making tools. http://www.agmanager.info/machinery

Iowa State Machinery Cost Resources: Crop decisions and machinery information and companion tools. http://www.extension.iastate.edu/agdm/cdmachinery.html

Alberta Machinery Cost Calculator: This tool allows you to calculate ownership and operating costs of common farm equipment. Use the drop-down list to choose the power unit or self-propelled machinery that will be used. When doing calculations for implements, select both a power unit and the implements that will be used. http://www.agric.gov.ab.ca/app24/costcalculators/machinery/getmachimpls.jsp

2016 North Idaho Cereal School

On January 26-28, the following presentations were given at the North Idaho Cereal Schools in Greencreek, Lewiston, and Bonners Ferry, Idaho. These educational workshops provide an opportunity for producers to learn about issues in their region, including insect issues, disease updates, variety trials, weed control, economics, markets, and other important issues.

Idaho Wheat Commission Report

Idaho Barley Commission Report

Regional soil pH survey results
Doug Finkelnburg, UI Extension, Nez Perce County

Grassy and broadleaf weed control in cereals and legumes
Traci Rauch, UI Support Scientist

Canola Production Update: Variety Trial Results, Blackleg Update, Insect Pests
Jim Davis, UI Support Scientist

Herbicide Residue Injury Identification
Jim Davis, UI Support Scientist

Crop Cost and Return Updates for 2016
Kate Painter, UI Extension, Boundary County

Variety testing and liming research in wheat-legume rotations
Kurt Schroeder, Cropping Systems Agronomist, UI Extension

Canola Growers’ Manual and Variety Testing Results by Year